Wonderful Matterhorn Mountain
If you are contemplating a trip to Europe’s mountainous regions but you can’t quite decide where to go, well we can’t really blame you since this incredible continent is brimming with vacation hotspots for hiking and winter sports enthusiasts. However, there is a mountain nestled in the Pennine Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy that you should definitely add on your travel list, and that mountain is none other than the Matterhorn.
With a summit of 14,690 feet, this mountain flaunts one of the highest peaks in the Alps, and its first ascent meant the end of the golden age of alpinism – a period during which many major peaks in the Alps were ascended for the first time. The views that can be admired from the top of the peak are truly spectacular, and they involve panoramas of the town of Zermatt to the northeast and of Breuil-Cervinia to the south.
The mountain was originally quite difficult to reach, but thanks to the implementation of nearby railways in the 19th century, it started to attract more and more visitors and climbers. The most popular route to the mountain is the Hörnli ridge, which is used every summer by a large number of mountaineers and tourists.
The construction of the aforementioned railway started in 1888, and it linked to town of Visp to the village of Zermatt. In 1930, the entire railway was electrified, and the village became connected directly to the resort town of St. Moritz via a panoramic train called the Glacier Express. Furthermore, in order to make the surrounding areas and the mountain itself more accessible to tourists, a number of cable-car facilities were built. If you are interested in the history of this place in particular, you can always visit the Matterhorn Museum in Zermatt, which actually operates within a reconstituted mountain village. You can also take a full tour of the Matterhorn that lasts for 10 days, which follows a series of ancient trails that go through alpine meadows larch forests and glacial crossings.