Top 10 Famous Walls
In ancient times, people would build walls to protect their cities and to repel invaders. Nowadays, many of these imposing architectural wonders represent important tourist attractions, some soaring to incredible heights and covering vast areas. Have a look at our top 10 of the world’s most famous walls, so you can have an easier time choosing what you should visit first.
1. The Great Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
The Great Zimbabwe is a ruined city that can be found in the southeastern hills of Zimbabwe, near Lake Mutirikwe. One of its more imposing features comes in the form of its walls, some of which are over 32 feet tall. Moreover, they were all built without using mortar, which is a puzzling and interesting accomplishment. The city was used as a as a royal palace for the Zimbabwean monarch, and it was the capital of the Kingdom of Zimbabwe during the countries’ late Iron Age.
2. Avila, Spain
Avila is a Spanish city that is also known as the City of Stones and Saints. Its massive walls were of utmost importance during the Middle Ages, protecting the city and helping its inhabitants to fight off the Moorish attacks. The walls have a length of 1.4 miles, and include numerous gates, towers and bulwarks.
3. Lucca, Italy
Lucca is is a city in Tuscany, Central Italy, that is renowned for its intact city wall, which dates back to the Renaissance era. This wall is 2.9 miles long, and it is mainly used as a pedestrian promenade, providing beautiful views that include towers, churches and lovely gardens.
4. Dubrovnik, Croatia
Dubrovnik is a city on the Adriatic Sea coast of Croatia, and it represents one of the most appreciated tourist destinations on the Adriatic. Its massive wall spans a great distance, and it provides visitors with an opportunity to admire important city landmarks, such as St Blaise’s church or the Franciscan Monastery.
5. Jerusalem, Israel
The walls of Jerusalem surround this ancient and historically significant city, and they were built by order of Suleiman I between 1535 and 1538, when the city was still part of the Ottoman Empire. The average height of the walls is 39 feet, while their length is 2.4 miles. They include 8 gates and 34 watchtowers, which now serve as highly popular tourist attractions, since the walls lost all of their military significance.
6. Sa’dah, Yemen
The city of Sa’dah can be found in northwestern Yemen, and its 16th century walls are highly appreciated by tourists, since they ensure beautiful views of the city and of the Grand Mosque. The city and its inhabitants can be observed going about their daily routine, selling their wares in markets or tending to their beautiful gardens.
7. Baku in Azerbaijan
Baku is one of the most important destinations in the Caucasus. The Old City of Baku, also known as the Walled City of Baku, represents the ancient Baku settlement, which features old walls and towers that ensure fantastic views over the city’s antique buildings and narrow alleys. Other notable attractions include the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, the Juma Mosque and many other small mosques.
8. Fatephur Sikri, India
The city of Fatehpur Sikri was founded in 1569 by the Mughal emperor Akbar, and it was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. If you visit the city, you can admire its ancient walls, along with its palaces, mosques, stables and harems.
9. Xi’an, China
Xi’an is one of China’s oldest cities, with a rich historical heritage going back 3,100 years. Here you can walk or cycle across the Great Chinese Wall or see the famed terracotta army of emperor Qin Shi Huang. This particular portion of the wall measures 8.5 miles, and it used to defend the renowned Silk Road.
10. Cartagena, Colombia
Cartagena, also known as Cartagena de Indias, is a city placed on the northern coast of Columbia. Its walls boast great views over the city’s main attractions, which include the Castillo de San Felipe de Barajas and the church of San Pedro Claver.