The Remarkable Chittorgarh Fort in India
India is a fantastic tourist destination offering a great deal of unique and historically significant attractions as well as exquisite culinary delights that simply can’t be savored anywhere else in the world. And while its most prominent attraction is probably the famed Taj Mahal, tourists might well be interested in visiting yet another extraordinary masterpiece of engineering – the Chittorgarh Fort.
The district of Chittorgarh can be found on the banks of the river Berach, in the southern part of Rajasthan, and its fort (also known as Chittor) is definitely the largest in India. This fort is truly imposing in terms of size, spreading across 692 acres and soaring over a hill that is 591 feet tall. Once inside, tourists are able to admire the exquisite architectural details of this old fort as well as its many monuments and gates, all accessed using a highly practical circular road. In order to better understand just how important this fort was military-wise, you should know that it used to house a total of 84 bodies of water, even though it only boasts 22 in our present time. These water bodies include wells, ponds and steep wells that could quench the thirst of 50,000 men for about four years.
The fort’s 7 gates flaunt a multitude of impressive fortifications that were surely used to keep enemies at bay, reportedly being able to resist the onslaught of cannon shots and even elephants. The main gate is named Ram Pol, which translates to Lord Rama’s Gate, while the other 6 are called Laxman Pol, Bhairon Pol, Padan Pol, Jodla Pol, Ganesh Pol and Hanuman Pol.
Because the fort is so massive in size, it has been divided into several different sections in order to be explored with greater ease by tourists. Its main attractions include the Victory Tower, the Kirti Stambha Tower, Padmini’s Palace and the Meera Temple.
The Victory Tower was built by Rana Khumba between 1458 and 1468 honoring his victory against the Sultan of Malwa in 1440 AD. The tower soars to an altitude of 122 feet, and it can be accessed using a narrow circular staircase. Once on top, visitors are able to enjoy splendid panoramas of the nearby plains and town of Chittor.
The Kirti Stambha was built by a Bagherwal Jain merchant honoring Adinath, the first Jain teacher. This tower is smaller than the Victory Tower but is quite impressive nonetheless, boasting a height of 72 feet and a series of Jain sculpture adornments.
Padmini’s Palace, also known as the Queen’s Palace is one of the most impressive attractions within the Chittorgarh Fort. The palace boasts three stories and a crisp, white colored building surrounded by a water moat. This palace is actually a modern reconstruction of the original one, and it can be found in the southern part of the fort. The Meera Temple is equally impressive, and it was built in 1449 by Maharana Kumbha.
Other highlights include the Gaumukh Reservoir, the Fateh Prakash Palace, the Kalika Mata Temple and Jain Temples, while the surrounding areas of Chittorgarh are great places to visit during organized excursions. With a great historical heritage, exquisite monuments and astonishing architectural details, the Chittorgarh Fort is rightfully one of India’s most appreciated tourist destinations.